Registering Red Hat Enterprise Linux Clients with RHUI

If you are running Red Hat Enterprise Linux clients directly, rather than using SUSE Linux Enterprise Server with Expanded Support, you need to use Red Hat sources to retrieve and update packages. This section contains information about using Red Hat update infrastructure (RHUI) to register traditional and Salt clients running Red Hat Enterprise Linux operating systems. If you are running your clients in a public cloud, such as Amazon EC2, use this method.

It is possible to use RHUI in conjunction with the Red Hat content delivery network (CDN) to manage your Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions. For information about using Red Hat CDN, see client-configuration:clients-rh-cdn.adoc.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux clients are based on Red Hat and are unrelated to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server with Expanded Support, RES, or SUSE Linux Enterprise Server. You are responsible for connecting SUSE Manager Server to the Red Hat update infrastructure. All clients that get updates using this RHUI certificate need to be correctly licensed, please check with your cloud provider and the Red Hat terms of service for more information.

When Red Hat Enterprise Linux clients registered with RHUI are switched off, Red Hat might declare the certificate invalid. In this case, you need to turn the client on again, or get a new RHUI certificate.

Traditional clients are available on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and 7 only. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 clients are supported as Salt clients.

Import Entitlements and Certificates

Red Hat clients require a Red Hat certificate authority (CA) and entitlement certificate, and an entitlement key.

Red Hat clients use a URL to replicate repositories. The URL changes depending on where the Red Hat client is registered.

Red Hat clients can be registered in three different ways:

  • Red Hat content delivery network (CDN) at redhat.com

  • Red Hat Satellite Server

  • Red Hat update infrastructure (RHUI) in the cloud

This guide covers clients registered to Red Hat update infrastructure (RHUI). You must have at least one system registered to RHUI, with an authorized subscription for repository content.

For information about using Red Hat content delivery network (CDN) instead, see client-configuration:clients-rh-cdn.adoc.

Satellite certificates for client systems require a Satellite server and subscription. Clients using Satellite certificates are not supported with SUSE Manager Server.

The entitlement certificates and keys need to be copied from the client system to a location that the SUSE Manager Server can access.

Your entitlement certificate and the Red Hat CA Certificate file have file extensions of .crt. The key has a file extension of .key.

Procedure: Copying Certificates to the Server
  1. Copy your entitlement certificate and key from the client system, to a location that the SUSE Manager Server can access:

    cp /etc/pki/rhui/product/content-<version>.crt /<example>/entitlement/
    cp /etc/pki/rhui/content-<version>.key /<example>/entitlement/
  2. Copy the Red Hat CA Certificate file from the client system, to the same location as the entitlement certificate and key:

    cp /etc/pki/rhui/cdn.redhat.com-chain.crt /<example>/entitlement

To manage repositories on your Red Hat client, you need to import the CA and entitlement certificates to the SUSE Manager Server. This requires that you perform the import procedure three times, to create three entries: one each for the entitlement certificate, the entitlement key, and the Red Hat certificate.

Procedure: Importing Certificates to the Server
  1. On the SUSE Manager Server Web UI, navigate to Systems  Autoinstallation  GPG and SSL Keys.

  2. Click Create Stored Key/Cert and set these parameters for the entitlement certificate:

    • In the Description field, type Entitlement-Cert-Date.

    • In the Type field, select SSL.

    • In the Select file to upload field, browse to the location where you saved the entitlement certificate, and select the .crt certificate file.

  3. Click Create Key.

  4. Click Create Stored Key/Cert and set these parameters for the entitlement key:

    • In the Description field, type Entitlement-Key-Date.

    • In the Type field, select SSL.

    • In the Select file to upload field, browse to the location where you saved the entitlement key, and select the .key key file.

  5. Click Create Key.

  6. Click Create Stored Key/Cert and set these parameters for the Red Hat certificate:

    • In the Description field, type redhat-cert.

    • In the Type field, select SSL.

    • In the Select file to upload field, browse to the location where you saved the Red Hat certificate, and select the certificate file.

  7. Click Create Key.

Prepare Custom Repositories and Channels

To mirror the software from RHUI, you need to create custom channels and repositories in SUSE Manager that are linked to RHUI by a URL. You must have entitlements to these products in your Red Hat Portal for this to work correctly. You can use the yum utility to get the URLs of the repositories you want to mirror:

yum repolist -v | grep baseurl

You can use these repository URLs to create custom repositories. This allows you to mirror only the content you need to manage your clients.

You can only create custom versions of Red Hat repositories if you have the correct entitlements in your Red Hat Portal.

The details you need for this procedure are:

Table 1. Red Hat Custom Repository Settings
Option Setting

Repository URL

The content URL provided by RHUI

Has Signed Metadata?

Uncheck all Red Hat Enterprise repositories

SSL CA Certificate

redhat-cert

SSL Client Certificate

Entitlement-Cert-Date

SSL Client Key

Entitlement-Key-Date

Procedure: Creating Custom Repositories
  1. On the SUSE Manager Server Web UI, navigate to Software  Manage  Repositories.

  2. Click Create Repository and set the appropriate parameters for the main repository.

  3. Click Create Repository.

  4. Repeat for all repositories you need to create.

The channels you need for this procedure are:

Table 2. Red Hat Custom Channels
OS Version Base Product Base Channel

Red Hat 6

RHEL6-Pool for x86_64

rhel6-pool-x86_64

Red Hat 7

RHEL7-Pool for x86_64

rhel7-pool-x86_64

Red Hat 8

RHEL8-Pool for x86_64

rhel8-pool-x86_64

Procedure: Creating Custom Channels
  1. On the SUSE Manager Server Web UI, navigate to Software  Manage  Channels.

  2. Click Create Channel and set the appropriate parameters for the channels.

  3. In the Parent Channel field, select the appropriate base channel.

  4. Click Create Channel.

  5. Repeat for all channels you need to create. There should be one custom channel for each custom repository.

You can check that you have created all the appropriate channels and repositories, by navigating to Software  Channel List  All.

For Red Hat 8 clients, add both the Base and AppStream channels. You require packages from both channels. If you do not add both channels, you cannot create the bootstrap repository, due to missing packages.

When you have created all the channels, you can associate them with the repositories you created:

Procedure: Associating Channels with Repositories
  1. On the SUSE Manager Server Web UI, navigate to Software  Manage  Channels, and click the channel to associate.

  2. Navigate to the Repositories tab, and check the repository to associate with this channel.

  3. Click Update Repositories to associate the channel and the repository.

  4. Repeat for all channels and repositories you need to associate.

  5. OPTIONAL: Navigate to the Sync tab to set a recurring schedule for synchronization of this repository.

  6. Click Sync Now to begin synchronization immediately.

Add Software Channels

Before you register Red Hat clients to your SUSE Manager Server, check that you have the Red Hat product enabled, and the required channels are fully synchronized.

Your SUSE Manager subscription entitles you to the tools channels for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server with Expanded Support (also known as Red Hat Expanded Support or RES). You must use the client tools channel to create the bootstrap repository. This procedure applies to both Salt and traditional clients.

The products you need for this procedure are:

Table 3. Red Hat Products - WebUI
OS Version Product Name

Red Hat 6

RHEL6 Base x86_64

Red Hat 7

RHEL7 Base x86_64

Red Hat 8

RHEL or SLES ES or CentOS 8 Base

Procedure: Adding Software Channels
  1. In the SUSE Manager Web UI, navigate to Admin  Setup Wizard  Products.

  2. Locate the appropriate products for your client operating system and architecture using the search bar, and check the appropriate product. This automatically checks all required channels. Click the arrow to see the complete list of related products, and ensure that any extra products you require are checked.

  3. Click Add Products and wait until the products have finished synchronizing.

The AppStream repository provides modular packages. This results in the SUSE Manager Web UI showing incorrect package information. You cannot perform package operations such as installing or upgrading directly from modular repositories using the Web UI or API.

You can use the AppStream filter with content lifecycle management (CLM) to transform modular repositories into regular repositories. Alternatively, you can use Salt states to manage modular packages on Salt clients, or use the dnf command on the client. For more information about CLM, see administration:content-lifecycle.adoc.

To use RHUI, you need to manually add the required HTTP headers to the configuration file. Without them, you cannot successfully perform a client synchronization.

Procedure: Adding HTTP Headers to the Configuration File
  1. Locate the X-RHUI-ID and X-RHUI-SIGNATURE HTTP headers from your RHUI instance. You can use these commands on the Red Hat client to get the values from the cloud instance metadata API at 169.254.169.254:

    echo "X-RHUI-ID=$(curl -s http://169.254.169.254/latest/dynamic/instance-identity/document|base64|tr -d '\n')"
    echo "X-RHUI-SIGNATURE=$(curl -s http://169.254.169.254/latest/dynamic/instance-identity/signature|base64|tr -d '\n')"
  2. Open the /etc/rhn/spacewalk-repo-sync/extra_headers.conf configuration file, and add or edit these lines with the correct information:

    [channel_label]
    X-RHUI-ID=value
    X-RHUI-SIGNATURE=value

Check Synchronization Status

Procedure: Checking Synchronization Progress
  1. In the SUSE Manager Web UI, navigate to Admin  Setup Wizard and select the Products tab. This dialog displays a completion bar for each product when they are being synchronized.

  2. Alternatively, you can navigate to Software  Manage  Channels, then click the channel associated to the repository. Navigate to the Repositories tab, then click Sync and check Sync Status.

Procedure: Checking Synchronization Progress from the Command Prompt
  1. At the command prompt on the SUSE Manager Server, as root, use the tail command to check the synchronization log file:

    tail -f /var/log/rhn/reposync/<channel-label>.log
  2. Each child channel generates its own log during the synchronization progress. You need to check all the base and child channel log files to be sure that the synchronization is complete.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux channels can be very large. Synchronization can sometimes take several hours.

Register Clients

To register your Red Hat clients, you need a bootstrap repository. By default, bootstrap repositories are automatically created, and regenerated daily for all synchronized products. You can manually create the bootstrap repository from the command prompt, using this command:

mgr-create-bootstrap-repo --with-custom-channels

For more information on registering your clients, see client-configuration:registration-overview.adoc.

To register and use Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 clients, you need to configure the SUSE Manager Server to support older types of SSL encryption. For more information, see Registering Older Clients at client-configuration:tshoot-clients.adoc.