Jump to contentJump to page navigation: previous page [access key p]/next page [access key n]
documentation.suse.com / Documentazione di SUSE Linux Enterprise Server / Virtualization Guide / Hypervisor-independent features / Software TPM emulator
Applies to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP3

22 Software TPM emulator

22.1 Introduction

The Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is a cryptoprocessor that secures hardware using cryptographic keys. For developers who use the TPM to develop security features, a software TPM emulator is a convenient solution. Compared to a hardware TPM device, the emulator has no limit on the number of guests that can access it. Also, it is simple to switch between TPM versions 1.2 and 2.0. QEMU supports the software TPM emulator that is included in the swtpm package.

22.2 Prerequisites

Before you can install and use the software TPM emulator, you need to install the libvirt virtualization environment. Refer to Section 6.2, “Running the yast2-vm module” and install one of the provided virtualization solutions.

22.3 Installation

To use the software TPM emulator, install the swtpm package:

> sudo zypper install swtpm

22.4 Using swtpm with QEMU

swtpm provides three types of interface: socket, chardev, and cuse. This procedure focuses on the socket interface.

  1. Create a directory mytpm0 inside the VM directory to store the TPM states—for example, /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3:

    > sudo mkdir /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3/mytpm0
  2. Start swtmp. It will create a socket file that QEMU can use—for example, /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3:

     > sudo swtpm socket
      --tpmstate dir=/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3/mytpm0 \
      --ctrl type=unixio,path=/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3/mytpm0/swtpm-sock \
      --log level=20
    Tip: TPM version 2.0

    By default, swtpm starts a TPM version 1.2 emulator and stores its states in the tpm-00.permall directory. To create a TPM 2.0 instance, run:

     > sudo swtpm socket
      --tpmstate dir=/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3/mytpm0 \
      --ctrl type=unixio,path=/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3/mytpm0/swtpm-sock \
      --log level=20

    TPM 2.0 states will be stored in the tpm2-00.permall directory.

  3. Add the following command line parameters to the qemu-system-ARCH command:

    > qemu-system-x86_64 \
    -chardev socket,id=chrtpm,path=/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/sle15sp3/mytpm0/swtpm-sock \
    -tpmdev emulator,id=tpm0,chardev=chrtpm \
    -device tpm-tis,tpmdev=tpm0
  4. Verify that the TPM device is available in the guest by running the following command:

    > tpm_version
    TPM 1.2 Version Info:
    Chip Version:
    Spec Level:          2
    Errata Revision:     3
    TPM Vendor ID:       IBM
    TPM Version:         01010000
    Manufacturer Info:   49424d00

22.5 Using swtpm with libvirt

To use swtpm with libvirt, add the following TPM device to the guest XML specification:

 <tpm model='tpm-tis'>
  <backend type='emulator' version='2.0'/>

libvirt will start swtpm for the guest automatically; you do not need to start it manually in advance. The corresponding permall file will be created in /var/lib/libvirt/swtpm/VM_UUID.

22.6 TPM measurement with OVMF firmware

If the guest uses the Open Virtual Machine Firmware (OVMF), it will measure components with TPM. You can find the event log in /sys/kernel/security/tpm0/binary_bios_measurements.

22.7 Resources