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documentation.suse.com / Administration Guide / Hardware
Applies to SUSE Linux Enterprise High Performance Computing 15 SP5

4 Hardware

This chapter describes tools that can be used to obtain hardware infrastructure information for HPC applications.

4.1 cpuid

cpuid executes the x86 CPUID instruction and decodes and prints the results to stdout. Its knowledge of Intel, AMD and Cyrix CPUs is fairly complete. It specifically targets the Intel Xeon Phi architecture.

To install cpuid, run zypper in cpuid.

For information about runtime options for cpuid, see the man page cpuid(1).

Note that this tool is only available for x86-64.

4.2 hwloc — portable abstraction of hierarchical architectures for high-performance computing

hwloc provides CLI tools and a C API to obtain the hierarchical map of key computing elements, such as NUMA memory nodes, shared caches, processor packages, processor cores, processing units (logical processors or threads), and I/O devices. hwloc also gathers various attributes such as cache and memory information, and is portable across a variety of different operating systems and platforms. It can also assemble the topologies of multiple machines into a single one, so that applications can read the topology of an entire fabric or cluster at once.

lstopo allows the user to obtain the topology of a machine or convert topology information obtained on a remote machine into one of several output formats. In graphical mode (X11), it displays the topology in a window. Other available formats include plain text, PDF, PNG, SVG and FIG. For more information, see the man pages provided by hwloc and lstopo.

hwloc features full support for import and export of XML-formatted topology files via the libxml2 library.

The package hwloc-devel offers a library that can be directly included into external programs. This requires that the libxml2 development library (package libxml2-devel) is available when compiling hwloc.