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documentation.suse.com / Documentazione di SUSE Linux Enterprise Server / Administration Guide / Services
Applies to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP2

Part IV Services

  • 29 Service Management with YaST
  • YaST provides a service manager for controlling the default system target, services, displaying service status, and reading the log file. New in SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP2 is YaST support for Systemd socket-based services activation, which configures services to start on demand.

  • 30 Time Synchronization with NTP
  • The NTP (network time protocol) mechanism is a protocol for synchronizing the system time over the network. First, a machine can obtain the time from a server that is a reliable time source. Second, a machine can itself act as a time source for other computers in the network. The goal is twofold—maintaining the absolute time and synchronizing the system time of all machines within a network.

  • 31 The Domain Name System
  • DNS (domain name system) is needed to resolve the domain names and host names into IP addresses. In this way, the IP address is assigned to the host name jupiter, for example. Before setting up your own name server, read the general information about DNS in Section 19.3, “Name Resolution”. The following configuration examples refer to BIND, the default DNS server.

  • 32 DHCP
  • The purpose of the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is to assign network settings centrally (from a server) rather than configuring them locally on every workstation. A host configured to use DHCP does not have control over its own static address. It is enabled to configure itself completely and automatically according to directions from the server. If you use the NetworkManager on the client side, you do not need to configure the client. This is useful if you have changing environments and only one interface active at a time. Never use NetworkManager on a machine that runs a DHCP server.

  • 33 Sharing File Systems with NFS
  • The Network File System (NFS) is a protocol that allows access to files on a server in a manner similar to accessing local files.

    SUSE Linux Enterprise Server installs NFS v4.2, which introduces support for sparse files, file pre-allocation, server-side clone and copy, application data block (ADB), and labeled NFS for mandatory access control (MAC) (requires MAC on both client and server).

  • 34 Samba
  • Using Samba, a Unix machine can be configured as a file and print server for macOS, Windows, and OS/2 machines. Samba has developed into a fully-fledged and rather complex product. Configure Samba with YaST, or by editing the configuration file manually.

  • 35 On-Demand Mounting with Autofs
  • autofs is a program that automatically mounts specified directories on an on-demand basis. It is based on a kernel module for high efficiency, and can manage both local directories and network shares. These automatic mount points are mounted only when they are accessed, and unmounted after a certain period of inactivity. This on-demand behavior saves bandwidth and results in better performance than static mounts managed by /etc/fstab. While autofs is a control script, automount is the command (daemon) that does the actual auto-mounting.

  • 36 SLP
  • Configuring a network client requires detailed knowledge about services provided over the network (such as printing or LDAP, for example). To make it easier to configure such services on a network client, the service location protocol (SLP) was developed. SLP makes the availability and configuration data of selected services known to all clients in the local network. Applications that support SLP can use this information to be configured automatically.

  • 37 The Apache HTTP Server
  • According to the surveys from http://www.netcraft.com/ and https://w3techs.com/, the Apache HTTP Server (Apache) is one of the world's most popular Web servers. Developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/), it is available for most operating systems. SUSE® Linux Enterprise Server includes Apache version 2.4. This chapter describes how to install, configure, and set up Apache. It also shows how to use additional modules, such as SSL, and how to troubleshoot Apache.

  • 38 Setting Up an FTP Server with YaST
  • Using the YaST FTP Server module, you can configure your machine to function as an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server. Anonymous and/or authenticated users can connect to your machine and download files using the FTP protocol. Depending on the configuration, they can also upload files to the FTP server. YaST uses vsftpd (Very Secure FTP Daemon).

  • 39 Squid Caching Proxy Server
  • Squid is a widely-used caching proxy server for Linux and Unix platforms. This means that it stores requested Internet objects, such as data on a Web or FTP server, on a machine that is closer to the requesting workstation than the server. It can be set up in multiple hierarchies to assure optimal response times and low bandwidth usage, even in modes that are transparent to end users.

  • 40 Web Based Enterprise Management Using SFCB