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documentation.suse.com / SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Documentation / Geo Clustering Guide / Managing Geo Clusters
Applies to SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability 12 SP5

8 Managing Geo Clusters

Before booth can manage a certain ticket within the Geo cluster, you initially need to grant it to a site manually—either with the booth command line client or with Hawk2.

8.1 Managing Tickets From Command Line

Use the booth client command line tool to grant, list, or revoke tickets as described in Overview of booth client Commands. The booth client commands can be run on any machine in the cluster, not only the ones having the boothd running. The booth client commands try to find the local cluster by looking at the booth configuration file and the locally defined IP addresses. If you do not specify a site which the booth client should connect to (using the -s option), it will always connect to the local site.

Note: Syntax Changes

The syntax of booth client commands has been simplified since SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability 11. The former syntax is still supported. For detailed information, see the Synopsis section in the booth man page.

The examples in this manual use the simplified syntax.

Overview of booth client Commands
Listing All Tickets
# booth list
ticket: ticketA, leader: none
ticket: ticketB, leader:, expires: 2014-08-13 10:28:57

If you do not specify a certain site with -s, the information about the tickets will be requested from the local booth instance.

Granting a Ticket to a Site
# booth grant -s ticketA
booth[27891]: 2014/08/13_10:21:23 info: grant request sent, waiting for the result ...
booth[27891]: 2014/08/13_10:21:23 info: grant succeeded!

In this case, ticketA will be granted to the site Without the -s option, booth would automatically connect to the current site (the site you are running the booth client on) and would request the grant operation.

Before granting a ticket, the command executes a sanity check. If the same ticket is already granted to another site, you are warned about that and are prompted to revoke the ticket from the current site first.

Revoking a Ticket From a Site
# booth revoke ticketA
booth[27900]: 2014/08/13_10:21:23 info: revoke succeeded!

Booth checks to which site the ticket is currently granted and requests the revoke operation for ticketA. The revoke operation will be executed immediately.

The grant and (under certain circumstances), revoke operations may take a while to return a definite operation's outcome. The client waits for the result up to the ticket's timeout value before it gives up waiting. If the -w option was used, the client will wait indefinitely instead. Find the exact status in the log files or with the crm_ticket -L command.

Warning: crm_ticket and crm site ticket

If the booth service is not running for any reasons, you may also manage tickets manually with crm_ticket or crm site ticket. Both commands are only available on cluster nodes. Use them with great care as they cannot verify if the same ticket is already granted elsewhere. For more information, read the man pages.

As long as booth is up and running, only use the booth client for manual intervention.

After you have initially granted a ticket to a site, the booth mechanism takes over and manages the ticket automatically. If the site holding a ticket should be out of service, the ticket is automatically revoked after the expiry time and granted to another site. The resources that depend on that ticket fail over to the new site that holds the ticket. The loss-policy set within the constraint specifies what happens to the nodes that have run the resources before.

Procedure 8.1: Managing Tickets Manually

Assuming that you want to manually move ticketA from site amsterdam (with the virtual IP to site berlin (with the virtual IP, proceed as follows:

  1. Set ticketA to standby with the following command:

    # crm_ticket -t ticketA -s
  2. Wait for any resources that depend on ticketA to be stopped or demoted cleanly.

  3. Revoke ticketA from site amsterdam with:

    # booth revoke -s ticketA
  4. After the ticket has been revoked from its original site, grant it to the site berlin with:

    # booth grant -s ticketA

8.2 Managing Tickets With Hawk2

Tickets can be viewed in both the Dashboard and the Status view. Hawk2 displays the following ticket statuses:

  • Granted: Tickets that are granted to the current site.

  • Elsewhere: Tickets that are granted to another site.

  • Revoked: Tickets that have been revoked. Additionally, Hawk2 also displays tickets as revoked if they are referenced in a ticket dependency, but have not been granted to any site yet.

Note: Granting Tickets to Current Site and Revoking Tickets

Though you can view tickets for all sites with Hawk2, any grant or revoke operations triggered by Hawk2 only apply to the current site (that you are currently connected to with Hawk2). To grant a ticket to another site of your Geo cluster, start Hawk2 on one of the cluster nodes belonging to the respective site.

You can only grant tickets that are not already given to any site.

Procedure 8.2: Viewing, Granting and Revoking Tickets with Hawk2
  1. Start a Web browser and log in to Hawk2.

  2. In the left navigation bar, select Status.

    Along with information about cluster nodes and resources, Hawk2 also displays a Tickets category. It lists the ticket status, the ticket name and when the ticket was last granted. From the Granted column you can manage the tickets.

  3. To show further information about the ticket, along with information about the cluster sites and arbitrators, click the Details icon next to the ticket.

    Hawk2—Ticket Details
    Figure 8.1: Hawk2—Ticket Details
  4. To revoke a granted ticket from the current site or to grant a ticket to the current site, click the switch in the Granted column next to the ticket. On clicking, it shows the available action. Confirm your choice when Hawk2 prompts for a confirmation.

    If the ticket cannot be granted or revoked for any reason, Hawk2 shows an error message. If the ticket has been successfully granted or revoked, Hawk2 will update the ticket Status.

Procedure 8.3: Simulating Granting and Revoking Tickets

Hawk2's Batch Mode allows you to explore failure scenarios before they happen. To explore whether your resources that depend on a certain ticket behave as expected, you can also test the impact of granting or revoking tickets.

  1. Start a Web browser and log in to Hawk2.

  2. From the top-level row, select Batch Mode.

  3. In the batch mode bar, click Show to open the Batch Mode window.

  4. To simulate a status change of a ticket:

    1. Click Inject › Ticket Event.

    2. Select the Ticket you want to manipulate and select the Action you want to simulate.

    3. Confirm your changes. Your event is added to the queue of events listed in the Batch Mode dialog. Any event listed here is simulated immediately and is reflected on the Status screen.

    4. Close the Batch Mode dialog and review the simulated changes.

  5. To leave the batch mode, either Apply or Discard the simulated changes.

Hawk2 Simulator—Tickets
Figure 8.2: Hawk2 Simulator—Tickets

For more information about Hawk2's Batch Mode (and which other scenarios can be explored with it), refer to Section 6.9, “Using the Batch Mode”.