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Applies to SUSE Enterprise Storage 7

10 Manual configuration Edit source

This section introduces advanced information for users that prefer configuring dashboard settings manually on the command line.

10.1 Configuring TLS/SSL support Edit source

All HTTP connections to the dashboard are secured with TLS/SSL by default. A secure connection requires an SSL certificate. You can either use a self-signed certificate, or generate a certificate and have a well known certificate authority (CA) sign it.

Tip
Tip: Disabling SSL

You may want to disable the SSL support for a specific reason. For example, if the dashboard is running behind a proxy that does not support SSL.

Use caution when disabling SSL as user names and passwords will be sent to the dashboard unencrypted.

To disable SSL, run:

cephuser@adm > ceph config set mgr mgr/dashboard/ssl false
Tip
Tip: Restarting the Ceph Manager processes

You need to restart the Ceph Manager processes manually after changing the SSL certificate and key. You can do so by either running

cephuser@adm > ceph mgr fail ACTIVE-MANAGER-NAME

or by disabling and re-enabling the dashboard module, which also triggers the manager to respawn itself:

cephuser@adm > ceph mgr module disable dashboard
cephuser@adm > ceph mgr module enable dashboard

10.1.1 Creating self-signed certificates Edit source

Creating a self-signed certificate for secure communication is simple. This way you can get the dashboard running quickly.

Note
Note: Web browsers complaint

Most Web browsers will complain about a self-signed certificate and require explicit confirmation before establishing a secure connection to the dashboard.

To generate and install a self-signed certificate, use the following built-in command:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard create-self-signed-cert

10.1.2 Using certificates signed by CA Edit source

To properly secure the connection to the dashboard and to eliminate Web browser complaints about a self-signed certificate, we recommend using a certificate that is signed by a CA.

You can generate a certificate key pair with a command similar to the following:

root # openssl req -new -nodes -x509 \
  -subj "/O=IT/CN=ceph-mgr-dashboard" -days 3650 \
  -keyout dashboard.key -out dashboard.crt -extensions v3_ca

The above command outputs dashboard.key and dashboard.crt files. After you get the dashboard.crt file signed by a CA, enable it for all Ceph Manager instances by running the following commands:

cephuser@adm > ceph config-key set mgr/dashboard/crt -i dashboard.crt
cephuser@adm > ceph config-key set mgr/dashboard/key -i dashboard.key
Tip
Tip: Different certificates for each manager instance

If you require different certificates for each Ceph Manager instance, modify the commands and include the name of the instance as follows. Replace NAME with the name of the Ceph Manager instance (usually the related host name):

cephuser@adm > ceph config-key set mgr/dashboard/NAME/crt -i dashboard.crt
cephuser@adm > ceph config-key set mgr/dashboard/NAME/key -i dashboard.key

10.2 Changing host name and port number Edit source

The Ceph Dashboard binds to a specific TCP/IP address and TCP port. By default, the currently active Ceph Manager that hosts the dashboard binds to TCP port 8443 (or 8080 when SSL is disabled).

Note
Note

If a firewall is enabled on the hosts running Ceph Manager (and thus the Ceph Dashboard), you may need to change the configuration to enable access to these ports. For more information on firewall settings for Ceph, see Section 13.7, “Firewall settings for Ceph”.

The Ceph Dashboard binds to "::" by default, which corresponds to all available IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. You can change the IP address and port number of the Web application so that they apply to all Ceph Manager instances by using the following commands:

cephuser@adm > ceph config set mgr mgr/dashboard/server_addr IP_ADDRESS
cephuser@adm > ceph config set mgr mgr/dashboard/server_port PORT_NUMBER
Tip
Tip: Configuring Ceph Manager instances separately

Since each ceph-mgr daemon hosts its own instance of the dashboard, you may need to configure them separately. Change the IP address and port number for a specific manager instance by using the following commands (replace NAME with the ID of the ceph-mgr instance):

cephuser@adm > ceph config set mgr mgr/dashboard/NAME/server_addr IP_ADDRESS
cephuser@adm > ceph config set mgr mgr/dashboard/NAME/server_port PORT_NUMBER
Tip
Tip: Listing configured endpoints

The ceph mgr services command displays all endpoints that are currently configured. Look for the dashboard key to obtain the URL for accessing the dashboard.

10.3 Adjusting user names and passwords Edit source

If you do not want to use the default administrator account, create a different user account and associate it with at least one role. We provide a set of predefined system roles that you can use. For more details refer to Chapter 11, Manage users and roles on the command line.

To create a user with administrator privileges, use the following command:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard ac-user-create USER_NAME PASSWORD administrator

10.4 Enabling the Object Gateway management front-end Edit source

To use the Object Gateway management functionality of the dashboard, you need to provide the login credentials of a user with the system flag enabled:

  1. If you do not have a user with the system flag, create one:

    cephuser@adm > radosgw-admin user create --uid=USER_ID --display-name=DISPLAY_NAME --system

    Take note of the access_key and secret_key keys in the output of the command.

  2. You can also obtain the credentials of an existing user by using the radosgw-admin command:

    cephuser@adm > radosgw-admin user info --uid=USER_ID
  3. Provide the received credentials to the dashboard:

    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-access-key ACCESS_KEY
    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-secret-key SECRET_KEY
Note
Note

By default the firewall is enabled in SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP2. For more information on firewall configuration, see Section 13.7, “Firewall settings for Ceph”.

There are several points to consider:

  • The host name and port number of the Object Gateway are determined automatically.

  • If multiple zones are used, it will automatically determine the host within the master zonegroup and master zone. This is sufficient for most setups, but in some circumstances you may want to set the host name and port manually:

    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-host HOST
    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-port PORT
  • These are additional settings that you may need:

    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-scheme SCHEME  # http or https
    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-admin-resource ADMIN_RESOURCE
    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-user-id USER_ID
  • If you are using a self-signed certificate (Section 10.1, “Configuring TLS/SSL support”) in your Object Gateway setup, disable certificate verification in the dashboard to avoid refused connections caused by certificates signed by an unknown CA or not matching the host name:

    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-ssl-verify False
  • If the Object Gateway takes too long to process requests and the dashboard runs into timeouts, the timeout value can be adjusted (default is 45 seconds):

    cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-rest-requests-timeout SECONDS

10.5 Enabling iSCSI management Edit source

The Ceph Dashboard manages iSCSI targets using the REST API provided by the rbd-target-api service of the Ceph iSCSI gateway. Ensure it is installed and enabled on iSCSI gateways.

Note
Note

The iSCSI management functionality of the Ceph Dashboard depends on the latest version 3 of the ceph-iscsi project. Ensure that your operating system provides the correct version, otherwise the Ceph Dashboard will not enable the management features.

If the ceph-iscsi REST API is configured in HTTPS mode and it is using a self-signed certificate, configure the dashboard to avoid SSL certificate verification when accessing ceph-iscsi API.

Disable API SSL verification:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard set-iscsi-api-ssl-verification false

Define the available iSCSI gateways:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard iscsi-gateway-list
cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard iscsi-gateway-add scheme://username:password@host[:port]
cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard iscsi-gateway-rm gateway_name

10.6 Enabling Single Sign-On Edit source

Single Sign-On (SSO) is an access control method that enables users to log in with a single ID and password to multiple applications simultaneously.

The Ceph Dashboard supports external authentication of users via the SAML 2.0 protocol. Because authorization is still performed by the dashboard, you first need to create user accounts and associate them with the desired roles. However, the authentication process can be performed by an existing Identity Provider (IdP).

To configure Single Sign-On, use the following command:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard sso setup saml2 CEPH_DASHBOARD_BASE_URL \
 IDP_METADATA IDP_USERNAME_ATTRIBUTE \
 IDP_ENTITY_ID SP_X_509_CERT \
 SP_PRIVATE_KEY

Parameters:

CEPH_DASHBOARD_BASE_URL

Base URL where Ceph Dashboard is accessible (for example, 'https://cephdashboard.local').

IDP_METADATA

URL, file path, or content of the IdP metadata XML (for example, 'https://myidp/metadata').

IDP_USERNAME_ATTRIBUTE

Optional. Attribute that will be used to get the user name from the authentication response. Defaults to 'uid'.

IDP_ENTITY_ID

Optional. Use when more than one entity ID exists on the IdP metadata.

SP_X_509_CERT / SP_PRIVATE_KEY

Optional. File path or content of the certificate that will be used by Ceph Dashboard (Service Provider) for signing and encryption.

Note
Note: SAML requests

The issuer value of SAML requests will follow this pattern:

CEPH_DASHBOARD_BASE_URL/auth/saml2/metadata

To display the current SAML 2.0 configuration, run:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard sso show saml2

To disable Single Sign-On, run:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard sso disable

To check if SSO is enabled, run:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard sso status

To enable SSO, run:

cephuser@adm > ceph dashboard sso enable saml2
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