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ContentsContents
Deployment Guide using Cloud Lifecycle Manager
  1. I Planning an Installation using Cloud Lifecycle Manager
    1. 1 Registering SLES
    2. 2 Hardware and Software Support Matrix
    3. 3 Recommended Hardware Minimums for the Example Configurations
    4. 4 High Availability
  2. II Cloud Lifecycle Manager Overview
    1. 5 Input Model
    2. 6 Configuration Objects
    3. 7 Other Topics
    4. 8 Configuration Processor Information Files
    5. 9 Example Configurations
    6. 10 Modifying Example Configurations for Compute Nodes
    7. 11 Modifying Example Configurations for Object Storage using Swift
    8. 12 Alternative Configurations
  3. III Pre-Installation
    1. 13 Overview
    2. 14 Pre-Installation Checklist
    3. 15 Installing the Cloud Lifecycle Manager server
    4. 16 Installing and Setting Up an SMT Server on the Cloud Lifecycle Manager server (Optional)
    5. 17 Software Repository Setup
    6. 18 Boot from SAN and Multipath Configuration
  4. IV Cloud Installation
    1. 19 Overview
    2. 20 Preparing for Stand-Alone Deployment
    3. 21 Installing with the Install UI
    4. 22 Using Git for Configuration Management
    5. 23 Installing a Stand-Alone Cloud Lifecycle Manager
    6. 24 Installing Mid-scale and Entry-scale KVM
    7. 25 DNS Service Installation Overview
    8. 26 Magnum Overview
    9. 27 Installing ESX Computes and OVSvAPP
    10. 28 Integrating NSX for vSphere
    11. 29 Installing Baremetal (Ironic)
    12. 30 Installation for SUSE OpenStack Cloud Entry-scale Cloud with Swift Only
    13. 31 Installing SLES Compute
    14. 32 Installing manila and Creating manila Shares
    15. 33 Installing SUSE CaaS Platform heat Templates
    16. 34 Installing SUSE CaaS Platform v4 using terraform
    17. 35 Integrations
    18. 36 Troubleshooting the Installation
    19. 37 Troubleshooting the ESX
  5. V Post-Installation
    1. 38 Post Installation Tasks
    2. 39 UI Verification
    3. 40 Installing OpenStack Clients
    4. 41 Configuring Transport Layer Security (TLS)
    5. 42 Configuring Availability Zones
    6. 43 Configuring Load Balancer as a Service
    7. 44 Other Common Post-Installation Tasks
  6. VI Support
    1. 45 FAQ
    2. 46 Support
    3. 47 Applying PTFs (Program Temporary Fixes) Provided by SUSE L3 Support
    4. 48 Testing PTFs (Program Temporary Fixes) on a Single Node
Navigation
Applies to SUSE OpenStack Cloud 9

23 Installing a Stand-Alone Cloud Lifecycle Manager Edit source

23.1 Important Notes Edit source

  • For information about when to use the GUI installer and when to use the command line (CLI), see Chapter 13, Overview.

  • Review the Chapter 2, Hardware and Software Support Matrix that we have listed.

  • Review the release notes to make yourself aware of any known issues and limitations.

  • The installation process can occur in different phases. For example, you can install the control plane only and then add Compute nodes afterwards if you would like.

  • If you run into issues during installation, we have put together a list of Chapter 36, Troubleshooting the Installation you can reference.

  • Make sure all disks on the system(s) are wiped before you begin the install. (For swift, refer to Section 11.6, “Swift Requirements for Device Group Drives”.)

  • There is no requirement to have a dedicated network for OS-install and system deployment, this can be shared with the management network. More information can be found in Chapter 9, Example Configurations.

  • The terms deployer and Cloud Lifecycle Manager are used interchangeably. They refer to the same nodes in your cloud environment.

  • When running the Ansible playbook in this installation guide, if a runbook fails you will see in the error response to use the --limit switch when retrying a playbook. This should be avoided. You can simply re-run any playbook without this switch.

  • DVR is not supported with ESX compute.

  • When you attach a cinder volume to the VM running on the ESXi host, the volume will not get detected automatically. Make sure to set the image metadata vmware_adaptertype=lsiLogicsas for image before launching the instance. This will help to discover the volume change appropriately.

  • The installation process will create several OpenStack roles. Not all roles will be relevant for a cloud with swift only, but they will not cause problems.

23.2 Prepare for Cloud Installation Edit source

  1. Review the Chapter 14, Pre-Installation Checklist about recommended pre-installation tasks.

  2. Prepare the Cloud Lifecycle Manager node. The Cloud Lifecycle Manager must be accessible either directly or via ssh, and have SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP4 installed. All nodes must be accessible to the Cloud Lifecycle Manager. If the nodes do not have direct access to online Cloud subscription channels, the Cloud Lifecycle Manager node will need to host the Cloud repositories.

    1. If you followed the installation instructions for Cloud Lifecycle Manager server (see Chapter 15, Installing the Cloud Lifecycle Manager server), SUSE OpenStack Cloud software should already be installed. Double-check whether SUSE Linux Enterprise and SUSE OpenStack Cloud are properly registered at the SUSE Customer Center by starting YaST and running Software › Product Registration.

      If you have not yet installed SUSE OpenStack Cloud, do so by starting YaST and running Software › Product Registration › Select Extensions. Choose SUSE OpenStack Cloud and follow the on-screen instructions. Make sure to register SUSE OpenStack Cloud during the installation process and to install the software pattern patterns-cloud-ardana.

      tux > sudo zypper -n in patterns-cloud-ardana
    2. Ensure the SUSE OpenStack Cloud media repositories and updates repositories are made available to all nodes in your deployment. This can be accomplished either by configuring the Cloud Lifecycle Manager server as an SMT mirror as described in Chapter 16, Installing and Setting Up an SMT Server on the Cloud Lifecycle Manager server (Optional) or by syncing or mounting the Cloud and updates repositories to the Cloud Lifecycle Manager server as described in Chapter 17, Software Repository Setup.

    3. Configure passwordless sudo for the user created when setting up the node (as described in Section 15.4, “Creating a User”). Note that this is not the user ardana that will be used later in this procedure. In the following we assume you named the user cloud. Run the command visudo as user root and add the following line to the end of the file:

      CLOUD ALL = (root) NOPASSWD:ALL

      Make sure to replace CLOUD with your user name choice.

    4. Set the password for the user ardana:

      tux > sudo passwd ardana
    5. Become the user ardana:

      tux > su - ardana
    6. Place a copy of the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP4 .iso in the ardana home directory, var/lib/ardana, and rename it to sles12sp4.iso.

    7. Install the templates, examples, and working model directories:

      ardana > /usr/bin/ardana-init

23.3 Configuring Your Environment Edit source

  1. You have already configured an input model for a stand-alone deployer in a previous step (Chapter 20, Preparing for Stand-Alone Deployment). Now that input model needs to be moved into the setup directory.

    ardana > cp -r ~/openstack/examples/entry-scale-kvm-stand-alone-deployer/* \
    ~/openstack/my_cloud/definition/
  2. (Optional) You can use the ardanaencrypt.py script to encrypt your IPMI passwords. This script uses OpenSSL.

    1. Change to the Ansible directory:

      ardana > cd ~/openstack/ardana/ansible
    2. Enter the encryption key into the following environment variable:

      ardana > export ARDANA_USER_PASSWORD_ENCRYPT_KEY=<encryption key>
    3. Run the python script below and follow the instructions. Enter a password that you want to encrypt.

      ardana > ./ardanaencrypt.py
    4. Take the string generated and place it in the ilo-password field in your ~/openstack/my_cloud/definition/data/servers.yml file, remembering to enclose it in quotes.

    5. Repeat the above for each server.

      Note
      Note

      Before you run any playbooks, remember that you need to export the encryption key in the following environment variable: export ARDANA_USER_PASSWORD_ENCRYPT_KEY=<encryption key>

  3. Commit your configuration to the local git repo (Chapter 22, Using Git for Configuration Management), as follows:

    ardana > cd ~/openstack/ardana/ansible
    ardana > git add -A
    ardana > git commit -m "My config or other commit message"
    Important
    Important

    This step needs to be repeated any time you make changes to your configuration files before you move on to the following steps. See Chapter 22, Using Git for Configuration Management for more information.

23.4 Running the Configuration Processor Edit source

Once you have your configuration files setup, you need to run the configuration processor to complete your configuration.

When you run the configuration processor, you will be prompted for two passwords. Enter the first password to make the configuration processor encrypt its sensitive data, which consists of the random inter-service passwords that it generates and the ansible group_vars and host_vars that it produces for subsequent deploy runs. You will need this password for subsequent Ansible deploy and configuration processor runs. If you wish to change an encryption password that you have already used when running the configuration processor then enter the new password at the second prompt, otherwise just press Enter to bypass this.

Run the configuration processor with this command:

ardana > cd ~/openstack/ardana/ansible
ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/localhost config-processor-run.yml

For automated installation (for example CI), you can specify the required passwords on the ansible command line. For example, the command below will disable encryption by the configuration processor:

ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/localhost config-processor-run.yml \
  -e encrypt="" -e rekey=""

If you receive an error during this step, there is probably an issue with one or more of your configuration files. Verify that all information in each of your configuration files is correct for your environment. Then commit those changes to Git using the instructions in the previous section before re-running the configuration processor again.

For any troubleshooting information regarding these steps, see Section 36.2, “Issues while Updating Configuration Files”.

23.5 Configuring TLS Edit source

Important
Important

This section is optional, but recommended, for a SUSE OpenStack Cloud installation.

After you run the configuration processor the first time, the IP addresses for your environment will be generated and populated in the ~/openstack/my_cloud/info/address_info.yml file. At this point, consider whether to configure TLS and set up an SSL certificate for your environment. Please read Chapter 41, Configuring Transport Layer Security (TLS) before proceeding for how to achieve this.

23.6 Deploying the Cloud Edit source

  1. Use the playbook below to create a deployment directory:

    cd ~/openstack/ardana/ansible
    ansible-playbook -i hosts/localhost ready-deployment.yml
  2. [OPTIONAL] - Run the wipe_disks.yml playbook to ensure all of your non-OS partitions on your nodes are completely wiped before continuing with the installation. The wipe_disks.yml playbook is only meant to be run on systems immediately after running bm-reimage.yml. If used for any other case, it may not wipe all of the expected partitions.

    If you are using fresh machines this step may not be necessary.

    ardana > cd ~/scratch/ansible/next/ardana/ansible
    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/verb_hosts wipe_disks.yml

    If you have used an encryption password when running the configuration processor use the command below and enter the encryption password when prompted:

    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/verb_hosts wipe_disks.yml --ask-vault-pass
  3. Run the site.yml playbook below:

    ardana > cd ~/scratch/ansible/next/ardana/ansible
    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/verb_hosts site.yml

    If you have used an encryption password when running the configuration processor use the command below and enter the encryption password when prompted:

    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/verb_hosts site.yml --ask-vault-pass
    Note
    Note

    The step above runs osconfig to configure the cloud and ardana-deploy to deploy the cloud. Therefore, this step may run for a while, perhaps 45 minutes or more, depending on the number of nodes in your environment.

  4. Verify that the network is working correctly. Ping each IP in the /etc/hosts file from one of the controller nodes.

For any troubleshooting information regarding these steps, see Section 36.3, “Issues while Deploying the Cloud”.

23.7 Installing OpenStack Assets on the Stand-alone Deployer Edit source

The OpenStack CLI and OpenStack clients will not be installed automatically. If you require access to these clients, you will need to follow the procedure below to add the appropriate software.

  1. [OPTIONAL] To confirm that OpenStack clients have not been installed, connect to your stand-alone deployer and try to use the OpenStack CLI:

    ardana > source ~/keystone.osrc
    ardana > openstack project list
    
    -bash: openstack: command not found
  2. Edit the configuration file containing details of your Control Plane, ~/openstack/my_cloud/definition/data/control_plane.yml

  3. Locate the stanza for the cluster where you want to install the client(s). This will look like the following extract:

          clusters:
            - name: cluster0
              cluster-prefix: c0
              server-role: LIFECYCLE-MANAGER-ROLE
              member-count: 1
              allocation-policy: strict
              service-components:
                - ntp-server
                - lifecycle-manager
  4. Choose the client(s) you wish to install from the following list of available clients:

     - barbican-client
     - ceilometer-client
     - cinder-client
     - designate-client
     - glance-client
     - heat-client
     - ironic-client
     - keystone-client
     - magnum-client
     - manila-client
     - monasca-client
     - neutron-client
     - nova-client
     - ntp-client
     - octavia-client
     - openstack-client
     - swift-client
  5. Add the client(s) to the list of service-components - in the following example, several OpenStack clients are added to the stand-alone deployer:

          clusters:
            - name: cluster0
              cluster-prefix: c0
              server-role: LIFECYCLE-MANAGER-ROLE
              member-count: 1
              allocation-policy: strict
              service-components:
                - ntp-server
                - lifecycle-manager
                - openstack-client
                - cinder-client
                - designate-client
                - glance-client
                - heat-client
                - ironic-client
                - keystone-client
                - neutron-client
                - nova-client
                - swift-client
                - monasca-client
                - barbican-client
    
  6. Commit the configuration changes:

    ardana > cd ~/openstack/ardana/ansible
    ardana > git add -A
    ardana > git commit -m "Add explicit client service deployment"
  7. Run the configuration processor, followed by the ready-deployment playbook:

    ardana > cd ~/openstack/ardana/ansible
    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/localhost config-processor-run.yml -e encrypt="" \
      -e rekey=""
    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/localhost ready-deployment.yml
  8. Add the software for the clients using the following command:

    ardana > cd ~/scratch/ansible/next/ardana/ansible
    ardana > ansible-playbook -i hosts/verb_hosts clients-upgrade.yml
  9. Check that the software has been installed correctly. Using the same test that was unsuccessful before, connect to your stand-alone deployer and try to use the OpenStack CLI:

    ardana > source ~/keystone.osrc
    ardana > openstack project list

    You should now see a list of projects returned:

    ardana > openstack project list
    
    +----------------------------------+------------------+
    | ID                               | Name             |
    +----------------------------------+------------------+
    | 076b6e879f324183bbd28b46a7ee7826 | kronos           |
    | 0b81c3a9e59c47cab0e208ea1bb7f827 | backup           |
    | 143891c2a6094e2988358afc99043643 | octavia          |
    | 1d3972a674434f3c95a1d5ed19e0008f | glance-swift     |
    | 2e372dc57cac4915bf06bbee059fc547 | glance-check     |
    | 383abda56aa2482b95fb9da0b9dd91f4 | monitor          |
    | 606dd3b1fa6146668d468713413fb9a6 | swift-monitor    |
    | 87db9d1b30044ea199f0293f63d84652 | admin            |
    | 9fbb7494956a483ca731748126f50919 | demo             |
    | a59d0c682474434a9ddc240ddfe71871 | services         |
    | a69398f0f66a41b2872bcf45d55311a7 | swift-dispersion |
    | f5ec48d0328d400992c1c5fb44ec238f | cinderinternal   |
    +----------------------------------+------------------+

23.8 Post-Installation Verification and Administration Edit source

We recommend verifying the installation using the instructions in Chapter 38, Post Installation Tasks.

There are also a list of other common post-installation administrative tasks listed in the Chapter 44, Other Common Post-Installation Tasks list.

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